The seriousness of climate change and the importance of environmental protection have become priorities for many, with some believing that these issues should be at the top of the political and government agenda. A growing number of people have started voting for the Green Party in their country to represent their concerns and views. So what are the beliefs of the Green political party? And where does their greatest support come from?
What is the Green Party?
The Green Party, also referred to as the Greens, is a left-wing political party that believes that environmental protection is of paramount importance for the sustainable development of human lives and all other living beings. But significantly, the Green Party is not only focused on environmental issues, but also champions social justice. They find that economic, social and environmental problems are all interrelated and that no crisis can be solved without solving the problems simultaneously.
Almost all democratic countries have some form of green party, and most green parties are part of the Global Greens, an international organization that aims to create a network that connects green parties around the world and considers a planet where there is no conflict between our economic needs and life systems.
Currently, the Green Party exists in about 90 countries around the world, where its popularity is particularly remarkable in Europe, given its considerable influence in parliaments. Yet in other parts of the world, the influence of the Greens is obviously less, acting mainly as an extra-parliamentary opposition, instead of actively engaging in elections.
No Green party across the world is the same, with each advocating different policies representing the needs of their respective countries and constituents. But the beliefs of green political parties share similar overall positions.
Core Beliefs of Green Political Parties
Climate change is indeed a major concern, and arguably the biggest, for Green parties around the world. To end the climate crisis, the Greens propose replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy by making renewable energy universally accessible and affordable, as well as encouraging investors, funds and governments to cut their financial ties with climate change. fossil fuel industry. Generally, his attitude towards nuclear energy is biased towards the negative due to its security issue. However, the Green Party in some European countries such as Finland recently softened its stance on nuclear, accepting the possibility of building nuclear reactors as another tool to fight climate change. The Finnish Green Party also made the argument based on the relatively low greenhouse gas emissions of nuclear power and the intermittency of renewables at the moment.
The Green Party supports the development of a sustainable economy. Recognizing that some companies prioritize their profits over the quality of life of ordinary people, as well as the health of the planet through exploitation and pollution, the Green Party advocates and fights for fair trade that respects the rights of workers and consumers and regulate environmental standards, ensuring that companies are accountable to all stakeholders. The Green Party is also a opponent of austerity measures which aim to improve the balance of the State by reducing public expenditure.
The Green Party supports the restoration of social justice by creating diverse, open and welcoming societies. In order to make cities more livable and pleasant for all, she believes that reducing inequalities and eradicating poverty are essential. Greens support a strong social security system and policies such as caps on house prices and rents to ensure that everyone can enjoy at least some level of quality of life. He is also of the opinion that the current tax system is in favor of the wealthiest few people, as they accumulate their wealth through dubious speculation in the stock market and by using loopholes in the tax system, such as tax evasion. He fights for policies that tighten the tax system to ensure no one pays their fair share. Also, progressive taxation is recommended, forcing high-income people to pay a higher rate of tax than their low-income neighbors.
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The growing popularity of the Green Party
The first Green Party was founded in West Germany in 1979. It raised public awareness of the potential danger of nuclear energy. He also called for the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact and NATO, which is proving to be violent in nature, hampering the establishment of a peaceful world. This position is unanimous among most green parties in the world. Alliance 90/ The Greens was formed in 1993, a few years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, when the Green parties of West and East Germany merged.
This party’s popularity in Germany has since grown considerably. Although it lost in the 2021 federal election, it currently holds 118 of the 736 seats in the Bundestag, Germany’s federal parliament, making it the third largest party and part of the current three-party coalition government. The Green Party also enjoys decent representation in other European countries. In the European Parliament of the EU, the Greens/European Free Alliance hold 58 of 705 seatsmaking it the fourth largest party.
Who votes for the Green Party? And who doesn’t?
Despite its popularity within the EU, there is a huge regional difference in voting systems, demonstrating that the beliefs of green political parties are only popular with some European voters, not all.
The distribution of seats in the European Parliament between each Member State varies according to the population of each country. Therefore, countries like Germany and France with the most populous are assigned 96 and 74 seats respectively. Of the 58 seats of the European Greens, 25 come from Germany and 13 from France; this means that the remaining collection of 20 members of the Greens/European Free Alliance are elected by the other 25 member states.
At the national level, we find that the most populated countries are more likely to vote for the Greens. There is an argument to be made that preference for the Greens may be linked to wealthier and more developed countries due to factors such as economic growth and culture.
Individually, who votes for the green party? Green supporters are generally left-leaning and particularly concerned about climate change. For this reason, arguably the Green Party’s biggest rival is the Social Democratic Party, as they have similar ideologies on climate change, economics, and social justice. This can end up splitting the vote in elections. Yet, theoretically, they are very different. The Social Democratic Party believes in the evolution of capitalism towards socialist ideals, while the Green Party wants to create an egalitarian society where people are satisfied with basic needs within the capitalist context. Although the Green Party is considered left-wing, it is closer to the center of the political spectrum. They are in a unique position to be a bridge between leftists and conservatives and help push forward greater climate action and policies to protect and restore the environment.
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