Opposing views: Associations of political polarization, political party affiliation, and social trust with intention and receipt of COVID-19 vaccination

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J Public Health (Oxf). January 25, 2022: fdab401. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdab401. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Political polarization has increased in the United States in recent years. Studies have shown Republicans are less likely to accept COVID-19 vaccines than Democrats; however, little is known about the association between COVID-19 vaccination acceptance and political polarization.

METHODS: We used data from a nationally representative survey of 1427 participants conducted between February 9, 2021 and February 17, 2021. political party and social trust, controlling for demographic and socio-economic factors.

RESULTS: Among participants perceiving high levels of polarization, Republicans (compared to Democrats) reported a 90% lower probability of intention to vaccinate (OR = 0.10 [0.05, 0.19], P

CONCLUSIONS: Perceived high levels of political polarization appear to amplify lower COVID-19 vaccine odds and vaccine intention among Republicans compared to Democrats. Political polarization may further dampen the protective associations of high social capital with vaccination.

PMID:35077546 | DOI:10.1093/pubmed/fdab401

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