Politics as we know it today stretches from left to right through the center. Most countries in the world are experiencing a political struggle between political parties identifying themselves as left, right or centrist. But with the widespread influence of the internet and social media, another group identifying themselves as alternative law or alternative law has emerged.
Although it is known to have originated and spread in the United States, the Alt-Right influence is present in many parts of the world today.
What is the Alt-Right movement?
The Alternative Right or Alt-Right is an informal far-right movement that rejects the mainstream American political spectrum. It is a set of far-right white supremacist ideologies that believe that the political tools of political correctness and social justice undermine whites.
The very important part of Alt-Right is its heavy use of social media.
They used social media platforms to spread their ideas and target their opponents. They used memes as an important tool for their ideology. Unlike other ideologies, they have no particular organization.
Rather, it is a group of right-wing ideologists who reject many of the liberal ideas that are at the heart of the American political configuration. They believe that these liberal ideas have alienated whites.
According to this ideology, egalitarian ideas aimed at dealing with minority groups have been abused against them.
American journalist Dylan Matthews explains the alt-right as “The (alt-right) label mixes pure and simple white supremacists, nationalists who think conservatives have sold themselves to globalization and nativists, who fear that the ‘immigration does not cause civil disarray “.
Jonathan Morgan, an American entrepreneur and CEO of Yonder, defines the alt-right as “a sprawling coalition of reactionary conservatives who lobbied to make the United States more ‘traditional, more’ populist ‘and whiter.”
Another American journalist and columnist, while explaining the genesis of the alt-right, said that “secularism is indeed correlated with greater tolerance of same-sex marriage and the legalization of pot.
But it also makes partisan American clashes more brutal. And this has contributed to the rise of the so-called alt-right movement whose members see themselves as supporters of white nationalism ”.
Richard Spencer gave the name
The term Alternative Law was coined in 2008 by Richard Spencer, the head of a white nationalist think tank, National Policy Institute.
According to Spencer, Alt-Right described a vague set of far-right ideals centered on “white identity” and the preservation of “Western civilization.”
Spencer defends concepts such as “traditional Western civilization”, “traditional value”, “scientific racism” while rejecting ideas of egalitarianism and universalism.
At the heart of the alt-right is the desertion of contemporary conservative ideas like liberty, liberty, free markets and capitalism, which Spencer sees as anti-ideals.
Genealogy of the movement
The movement began in the early 2010s, but their emergence and subsequent popularity began in 2014.
According to Slate magazine, the term alt-right caught Spencer’s association – the blend of alienation and optimism embedded in the act of proudly asserting alternative leadership.
The alternative media was created for the sake of public relations. The term gained a lot of prominence on websites like 4chan and Reddit in 2015. Meanwhile, many right-wing ideologues, white supremacists, and many neo-Nazis have joined the movement.
A number of blogging sites and alt-right spreading websites have appeared. In 2016, after Donald Trump announced his candidacy for president, many far-right groups came to support him.
Trump even appointed an alternative right-wing ideologue, Steve Bannon, who co-founded the alternative-right-wing news website Breitbart News as the CEO of his campaign and later appointed him chief strategist in his administration.
In August 2017, they held the infamous Unite the Right rally in Virginia, but the event turned violent, resulting in deaths and injuries.
The alt-right, however, declined after 2017 for many reasons such as the backlash following the Unite the Right rally, fractures within the movement, opposition from the American public.
The movement lost its influence in its homeland, the United States, but many harsh aspects of this movement entered the political atmosphere of many countries and made politics in many countries unhealthy.
The most important aspect being the online trolling of opponents.